Gitga’at Territory is characterized
by its rugged coastline, dramatic glacier-capped
peaks, large intact coastal temperate
rainforests and steep fjords and large,
scattered lakes and river systems.
The Territory contains two broad ecological
regions: 1) the outer mainland coast and
islands and 2) the Coast Mountains.
The mainland coast and islands contain
slow-growing cedar and hemlock forests.
The dense undergrowth is typical of a
coastal temperate rainforest with salal,
ferns, bunch berries, skunk cabbage, Labrador
tea, and Devil’s club. There are
also thimble berries, salmon berries,
huckleberries, and wild cranberries.
The rugged Coast Mountains are further
inland, and reach up to 3000 metres. They
are heavily forested up to medium elevations
and have deep channels, moulded by glaciation
and sculpted by wind and water activity.
Unique and sensitive ecosystems in Gitga’at
Territory include the alpine, floodplains,
estuaries, tidal marshes, spray zones,
limestone and karst geologies, freshwater
wetlands, kelp and eel grass beds, and
The climate in Gitga’at Territory
is coastal. Ocean temperatures and prevailing
westerly winds result in large amounts
of precipitation and bring regular storms,
particularly in winter. Mild winters and
cool summers prevail, with average temperatures
of 15.5 °C. in July and -2.2 °C.
in January. This combination of mild and
wet conditions support the lush, diverse
vegetation typical of the coastal temperate
Gitga’at Territory is home to a
large variety of birds, fish, invertebrates,
and terrestrial and marine mammals.